te tu brÄhmaá¹a-devasya
vÄtsalyaá¹ vÄ«ká¹£ya saá¹stutam
prÄ«tÄá¸¥ klinna-dhiyas tasmai
te - the hotÄ, brahmÄ and other priests; tu - but; brÄhmaá¹a-devasya - of Lord RÄmacandra, who loved the brÄhmaá¹as so much; vÄtsalyam - the paternal affection; vÄ«ká¹£ya - after seeing; saá¹stutam - worshiped with prayers; prÄ«tÄá¸¥ - being very pleased; klinna-dhiyaá¸¥ - with melted hearts; tasmai - unto Him (Lord RÄmacandra); pratyarpya - returning; idam - this (all the land given to them); babhÄá¹£ire - spoke.
In the previous chapter it was said that the prajÄs, the citizens, strictly followed the system of vará¹ÄÅrama-dharma. The brÄhmaá¹as acted exactly like brÄhmaá¹as, the ká¹£atriyas exactly like ká¹£atriyas, and so on. Therefore, when Lord RÄmacandra gave everything in charity to the brÄhmaá¹as, the brÄhmaá¹as, being qualified, wisely considered that brÄhmaá¹as are not meant to possess property to make a profit from it. The qualifications of a brÄhmaá¹a are given in Bhagavad-gÄ«tÄ (18.42):
Åamo damas tapaá¸¥ Åaucaá¹
ká¹£Äntir Ärjavam eva ca
jÃ±Änaá¹ vijÃ±Änam Ästikyaá¹
âPeacefulness, self-control, austerity, purity, tolerance, honesty, wisdom, knowledge, and religiousness â these are the qualities by which the brÄhmaá¹as work.â The brahminical character offers no scope for possessing land and ruling citizens; these are the duties of a ká¹£atriya. Therefore, although the brÄhmaá¹as did not refuse Lord RÄmacandraâs gift, after accepting it they returned it to the King. The brÄhmaá¹as were so pleased with Lord RÄmacandraâs affection toward them that their hearts melted. They saw that Lord RÄmacandra, aside from being the Supreme Personality of Godhead, was fully qualified as a ká¹£atriya and was exemplary in character. One of the qualifications of a ká¹£atriya is to be charitable. A ká¹£atriya, or ruler, levies taxes upon the citizens not for his personal sense gratification but to give charity in suitable cases. DÄnam Ä«Åvara-bhÄvaá¸¥. On one hand, ká¹£atriyas have the propensity to rule, but on the other they are very liberal with charity. When MahÄrÄja Yudhiá¹£á¹hira gave charity, he engaged Kará¹a to take charge of distributing it. Kará¹a was very famous as DÄtÄ Kará¹a. The word dÄtÄ refers to one who gives charity very liberally. The kings always kept a large quantity of food grains in stock, and whenever there was any scarcity of grains, they would distribute grains in charity. A ká¹£atriyaâs duty is to give charity, and a brÄhmaá¹aâs duty is to accept charity, but not more than needed to maintain body and soul together. Therefore, when the brÄhmaá¹as were given so much land by Lord RÄmacandra, they returned it to Him and were not greedy.