eá¹£a hi brÄhmaá¹o vidvÄá¹s
bhÅ«teá¹£v antarhitaá¹ guá¹aiá¸¥
eá¹£aá¸¥ - this; hi - indeed; brÄhmaá¹aá¸¥ - a qualified brÄhmaá¹a; vidvÄn - learned in Vedic knowledge; tapaá¸¥ - austerity; ÅÄ«la - good behavior; guá¹a-anvitaá¸¥ - endowed with all good qualities; ÄrirÄdhayiá¹£uá¸¥ - desiring to be engaged in worshiping; brahma - the Supreme Brahman; mahÄ-puruá¹£a - the Supreme Person, Ká¹á¹£á¹a; saá¹jÃ±itam - known as; sarva-bhÅ«ta - of all living entities; Ätma-bhÄvena - as the Supersoul; bhÅ«teá¹£u - in every living entity; antarhitam - within the core of the heart; guá¹aiá¸¥ - by qualities.
The wife of the brÄhmaá¹a did not regard her husband as a superficial brÄhmaá¹a who was called a brÄhmaá¹a merely because he was born of a brÄhmaá¹a family. Rather, this brÄhmaá¹a was actually qualified with the brahminical symptoms. Yasya yal laká¹£aá¹aá¹ proktam (BhÄg. 7.11.35). The symptoms of a brÄhmaá¹a are stated in the ÅÄstra:
Åamo damas tapaá¸¥ Åaucaá¹
ká¹£Äntir Ärjavam eva ca
jÃ±Änaá¹ vijÃ±Änam Ästikyaá¹
âPeacefulness, self-control, austerity, purity, tolerance, honesty, wisdom, knowledge, and religiousness â these are the qualities by which the brÄhmaá¹as work.â (Bg. 18.42) Not only must a brÄhmaá¹a be qualified, but he must also engage in actual brahminical activities. Simply to be qualified is not enough; one must engage in a brÄhmaá¹aâs duties. The duty of a brÄhmaá¹a is to know the paraá¹ brahma, Ká¹á¹£á¹a (paraá¹ brahma paraá¹ dhÄma pavitraá¹ paramaá¹ bhavÄn). Because this brÄhmaá¹a was actually qualified and was also engaged in brahminical activities (brahma-karma), killing him would be a greatly sinful act, and the brÄhmaá¹aâs wife requested that he not be killed.