yathÄ - as; taroá¸¥ - of a tree; mÅ«la - the root; niá¹£ecanena - by watering; tá¹pyanti - are satisfied; tat - its; skandha - trunk; bhuja - branches; upaÅÄkhÄá¸¥ - and twigs; prÄá¹a - the life air; upahÄrÄt - by feeding; ca - and; yathÄ - as; indriyÄá¹Äm - of the senses; tathÄ eva - similarly; sarva - of all demigods; arhaá¹am - worship; acyuta - of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; ijyÄ - worship.
Sometimes people ask why this Ká¹á¹£á¹a consciousness movement simply advocates worship of Ká¹á¹£á¹a to the exclusion of the demigods. The answer is given in this verse. The example of pouring water on the root of a tree is very appropriate. In Bhagavad-gÄ«tÄ (15.1) it is said, Å«rdhva-mÅ«lam adhaá¸¥-ÅÄkham: this cosmic manifestation has expanded downward, and the root is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. As the Lord confirms in Bhagavad-gÄ«tÄ (10.8), ahaá¹ sarvasya prabhavaá¸¥: âI am the source of all spiritual and material worlds.â Ká¹á¹£á¹a is the root of everything; therefore rendering service to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ká¹á¹£á¹a (ká¹á¹£á¹a-sevÄ), means automatically serving all the demigods. Sometimes it is argued that karma and jÃ±Äna require a mixture of bhakti in order to be successfully executed, and sometimes it is argued that bhakti also requires karma and jÃ±Äna for its successful termination. The fact is, however, that although karma and jÃ±Äna cannot be successful without bhakti, bhakti does not require the help of karma and jÃ±Äna. Actually, as described by ÅrÄ«la RÅ«pa GosvÄmÄ«, anyÄbhilÄá¹£itÄ-ÅÅ«nyaá¹ jÃ±Äna-karmÄdy-anÄvá¹tam: pure devotional service should not be contaminated by the touch of karma and jÃ±Äna. Modern society is involved in various types of philanthropic works, humanitarian works and so on, but people do not know that these activities will never be successful unless Ká¹á¹£á¹a, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is brought into the center. One may ask what harm there is in worshiping Ká¹á¹£á¹a and the different parts of His body, the demigods, and the answer is also given in this verse. The point is that by supplying food to the stomach, the indriyas, the senses, are automatically satisfied. If one tries to feed his eyes or ears independently, the result is only havoc. Simply by supplying food to the stomach, we satisfy all of the senses. It is neither necessary nor feasible to render separate service to the individual senses. The conclusion is that by serving Ká¹á¹£á¹a (ká¹á¹£á¹a-sevÄ), everything is complete. As confirmed in Caitanya-caritÄmá¹ta (Madhya 22.62), ká¹á¹£á¹e bhakti kaile sarva-karma ká¹ta haya: if one is engaged in the devotional service of the Lord, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, everything is automatically accomplished.