atrir vasiá¹£á¹haÅ cyavanaá¸¥ ÅaradvÄn
ariá¹£á¹anemir bhá¹gur aá¹ girÄÅ ca
parÄÅaro gÄdhi-suto 'tha rÄma
medhÄtithir devala Ärá¹£á¹iá¹£eá¹o
bhÄradvÄjo gautamaá¸¥ pippalÄdaá¸¥
maitreya aurvaá¸¥ kavaá¹£aá¸¥ kumbhayonir
dvaipÄyano bhagavÄn nÄradaÅ ca
atri to nÄrada - all names of the different saintly personalities who arrived there from different parts of the universe.
Cyavana: A great sage and one of the sons of Bhá¹gu Muni. He was born prematurely when his pregnant mother was kidnapped. Cyavana is one of the six sons of his father.
Bhá¹gu: When BrahmÄjÄ« was performing a great sacrifice on behalf of Varuá¹a, Mahará¹£i Bhá¹gu was born from the sacrificial fire. He was a great sage, and his very dear wife was PulomÄ. He could travel in space like DurvÄsÄ, NÄrada and others, and he used to visit all the planets of the universe. Before the Battle of Kuruká¹£etra, he tried to stop the battle. Sometimes he instructed BhÄradvÄja Muni about astronomical evolution, and he is the author of the great Bhá¹gu-saá¹hitÄ, the great astrological calculation. He explained how air, fire, water and earth are generated from ether. He explained how the air in the stomach works and regulates the intestines. As a great philosopher, he logically established the eternity of the living entity (MahÄbhÄrata). He was also a great anthropologist, and the theory of evolution was long ago explained by him. He was a scientific propounder of the four divisions and orders of human society known as the vará¹ÄÅrama institution. He converted the ká¹£atriya king VÄ«tahavya into a brÄhmaá¹a.
Vasiá¹£á¹ha: See ÅrÄ«mad-BhÄgavatam 1.9.6.
ParÄÅara: He is the grandson of Vasiá¹£á¹ha Muni and father of VyÄsadeva. He is the son of Mahará¹£i Åakti, and his motherâs name was Adá¹ÅyatÄ«. He was in the womb of his mother when she was only twelve years old. And from within the womb of his mother he learned the Vedas. His father was killed by a demon, KalmÄá¹£apÄda, and to avenge this he wanted to annihilate the whole world. He was restrained, however, by his grandfather Vasiá¹£á¹ha. He then performed a RÄká¹£asa-killing yajÃ±a, but Mahará¹£i Pulastya restrained him. He begot VyÄsadeva, being attracted by SatyavatÄ«, who was to become the wife of MahÄrÄja ÅÄntanu. By the blessings of ParÄÅara, SatyavatÄ« became fragrant for miles. He was present also during the time of BhÄ«á¹£maâs death. He was the spiritual master of MahÄrÄja Janaka and a great devotee of Lord Åiva. He is the author of many Vedic scriptures and sociological directions.
GÄdhi-suta, or ViÅvÄmitra: A great sage of austerity and mystic power. He is famous as GÄdhi-suta because his father was GÄdhi, a powerful king of the province of KanyÄkubja (part of Uttara Pradesh). Although he was a ká¹£atriya by birth, he became a brÄhmaá¹a in the very same body by the power of his spiritual achievements. He picked a quarrel with Vasiá¹£á¹ha Muni when he was a ká¹£atriya king and performed a great sacrifice in cooperation with Maá¹aá¹ ga Muni and thus was able to vanquish the sons of Vasiá¹£á¹ha. He became a great yogÄ«, and yet he failed to check his senses and thus was obliged to become the father of ÅakuntalÄ, the beauty queen of world history. Once, when he was a ká¹£atriya king, he visited the hermitage of Vasiá¹£á¹ha Muni, and he was given a royal reception. ViÅvÄmitra wanted from Vasiá¹£á¹ha a cow named NandinÄ«, and the Muni refused to deliver it. ViÅvÄmitra stole the cow, and thus there was a quarrel between the sage and the King. ViÅvÄmitra was defeated by the spiritual strength of Vasiá¹£á¹ha, and thus the King decided to become a brÄhmaá¹a. Before becoming a brÄhmaá¹a he underwent severe austerity on the bank of the KauÅika. He was also one who tried to stop the Kuruká¹£etra war.
Aá¹ girÄ: He is one of the six mental sons of BrahmÄ and the father of Bá¹haspati, the great learned priest of the demigods in the heavenly planets. He was born of the semen of BrahmÄjÄ« given to a cinder of fire. Utathya and Saá¹varta are his sons. It is said that he is still performing austerity and chanting the holy name of the Lord at a place known as AlokÄnanda on the banks of the Ganges.
ParaÅurÄma: See ÅrÄ«mad-BhÄgavatam 1.9.6.
Utathya: One of the three sons of Mahará¹£i Aá¹ girÄ. He was the spiritual master of MahÄrÄja MandhÄtÄ. He married BhadrÄ, the daughter of Soma (moon). Varuá¹a kidnapped his wife BhadrÄ, and to retaliate the offense of the god of water, he drank all the water of the world.
MedhÄtithi: An old sage of yore. An assembly member of the heavenly King Indradeva. His son was Kaá¹va Muni, who brought up ÅakuntalÄ in the forest. He was promoted to the heavenly planet by strictly following the principles of retired life (vÄnaprastha).
Devala: A great authority like NÄrada Muni and VyÄsadeva. His good name is on the list of authorities mentioned in the Bhagavad-gÄ«tÄ when Arjuna acknowledged Lord Ká¹á¹£á¹a as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He met MahÄrÄja Yudhiá¹£á¹hira after the Battle of Kuruká¹£etra, and he was the elder brother of Dhaumya, the priest of the PÄá¹á¸ava family. Like the ká¹£atriyas, he also allowed his daughter to select her own husband in a svayaá¹vara meeting, and at that ceremony all the bachelor sons of the á¹á¹£is were invited. According to some, he is not Asita Devala.
BhÄradvÄja: See ÅrÄ«mad-BhÄgavatam 1.9.6.
Gautama: One of the seven great sages of the universe. ÅaradvÄn Gautama was one of his sons. Persons in the Gautama-gotra (dynasty) today are either his family descendants or in his disciplic succession. The brÄhmaá¹as who profess Gautama-gotra are generally family descendants, and the ká¹£atriyas and vaiÅyas who profess Gautama-gotra are all in the line of his disciplic succession. He was the husband of the famous AhalyÄ who turned into stone when Indradeva, the King of the heaven, molested her. AhalyÄ was delivered by Lord RÄmacandra. Gautama was the grandfather of Ká¹pÄcÄrya, one of the heroes of the Battle of Kuruká¹£etra.
Maitreya: A great á¹á¹£i of yore. He was the spiritual master of Vidura and a great religious authority. He advised Dhá¹tarÄá¹£á¹ra to keep good relations with the PÄá¹á¸avas. Duryodhana disagreed and thus was cursed by him. He met VyÄsadeva and had religious discourses with him.