yasya - of whom; yat - which; laká¹£aá¹am - symptom; proktam - described (above); puá¹saá¸¥ - of a person; vará¹a-abhivyaÃ±jakam - indicating the classification (brÄhmaá¹a, ká¹£atriya, vaiÅya, ÅÅ«dra, etc.); yat - if; anyatra - elsewhere; api - also; dá¹Åyeta - is seen; tat - that; tena - by that symptom; eva - certainly; vinirdiÅet - one should designate.
Herein it is clearly stated by NÄrada Muni that one should not be accepted as a brÄhmaá¹a, ká¹£atriya, vaiÅya or ÅÅ«dra according to birth, for although this is going on now, it is not accepted by the ÅÄstras. As stated in Bhagavad-gÄ«tÄ (4.13), cÄtur-vará¹yaá¹ mayÄ sá¹á¹£á¹aá¹ guá¹a-karma-vibhÄgaÅaá¸¥. Thus the four divisions of society â brÄhmaá¹a, ká¹£atriya, vaiÅya and ÅÅ«dra â are to be ascertained according to qualities and activities. If one was born in a brÄhmaá¹a family and has acquired the brahminical qualifications, he is to be accepted as a brÄhmaá¹a; otherwise, he should be considered a brahma-bandhu. Similarly, if a ÅÅ«dra acquires the qualities of a brÄhmaá¹a, although he was born in a ÅÅ«dra family, he is not a ÅÅ«dra; because he has developed the qualities of a brÄhmaá¹a, he should be accepted as a brÄhmaá¹a. The Ká¹á¹£á¹a consciousness movement is meant to develop these brahminical qualities. Regardless of the community in which one was born, if one develops the qualities of a brÄhmaá¹a he should be accepted as a brÄhmaá¹a, and he then may be offered the order of sannyÄsa. Unless one is qualified in terms of the brahminical symptoms, one cannot take sannyÄsa. In designating a person a brÄhmaá¹a, ká¹£atriya, vaiÅya or ÅÅ«dra, birth is not the essential symptom. This understanding is very important. Herein NÄrada Muni distinctly says that one may be accepted according to the caste of his birth if he has the corresponding qualifications, but otherwise he should not. One who has attained the qualifications of a brÄhmaá¹a, regardless of where he was born, should be accepted as a brÄhmaá¹a. Similarly, if one has developed the qualities of a ÅÅ«dra or a caá¹á¸Äla, regardless of where he was born, he should be accepted in terms of those symptoms.
Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports of the Seventh Canto, Eleventh Chapter, of the ÅrÄ«mad-BhÄgavatam, entitled âThe Perfect Society: Four Social Classes.â