bahÅ«nÄm - many; janmanÄm - repeated births and deaths; ante - after; jÃ±Äna-vÄn - one who is in full knowledge; mÄm - unto Me; prapadyate - surrenders; vÄsudevaá¸¥ - the Personality of Godhead, Ká¹á¹£á¹a; sarvam - everything; iti - thus; saá¸¥ - that; mahÄ-ÄtmÄ - great soul; su-durlabhaá¸¥ - very rare to see.
The living entity, while executing devotional service or transcendental rituals after many, many births, may actually become situated in transcendental pure knowledge that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is the ultimate goal of spiritual realization. In the beginning of spiritual realization, while one is trying to give up oneâs attachment to materialism, there is some leaning towards impersonalism, but when one is further advanced he can understand that there are activities in the spiritual life and that these activities constitute devotional service. Realizing this, he becomes attached to the Supreme Personality of Godhead and surrenders to Him. At such a time one can understand that Lord ÅrÄ« Ká¹á¹£á¹aâs mercy is everything, that He is the cause of all causes, and that this material manifestation is not independent from Him. He realizes the material world to be a perverted reï¬ection of spiritual variegatedness and realizes that in everything there is a relationship with the Supreme Lord Ká¹á¹£á¹a. Thus he thinks of everything in relation to VÄsudeva, or ÅrÄ« Ká¹á¹£á¹a. Such a universal vision of VÄsudeva precipitates oneâs full surrender to the Supreme Lord ÅrÄ« Ká¹á¹£á¹a as the highest goal. Such surrendered great souls are very rare.
This verse is very nicely explained in the Third Chapter (verses 14 and 15) of the ÅvetÄÅvatara Upaniá¹£ad:
sa bhÅ«miá¹ viÅvato vá¹tvÄ-
tyÄtiá¹£á¹had daÅÄá¹ gulam
puruá¹£a evedaá¹ sarvaá¹
yad bhÅ«taá¹ yac ca bhavyam
âLord Viá¹£á¹u has thousands of heads, thousands of eyes and thousands of feet. Entirely encompassing the whole universe, He still extends beyond it by ten ï¬ngersâ breadth. He is in fact this entire universe. He is all that was and all that will be. He is the Lord of immortality and of all that is nourished by food.â In the ChÄndogya Upaniá¹£ad (5.1.15) it is said, na vai vÄco na caká¹£Å«á¹á¹£i na ÅrotrÄá¹i na manÄá¹sÄ«ty Äcaká¹£ate prÄá¹a iti evÄcaká¹£ate prÄá¹o hy evaitÄni sarvÄá¹i bhavanti: âIn the body of a living being neither the power to speak, nor the power to see, nor the power to hear, nor the power to think is the prime factor; it is life which is the center of all activities.â Similarly Lord VÄsudeva, or the Personality of Godhead, Lord ÅrÄ« Ká¹á¹£á¹a, is the prime entity in everything. In this body there are powers of speaking, of seeing, of hearing, of mental activities, etc. But these are not important if not related to the Supreme Lord. And because VÄsudeva is all-pervading and everything is VÄsudeva, the devotee surrenders in full knowledge (cf. Bhagavad-gÄ«tÄ 7.17 and 11.40).