yat yat - whatever; Äcarati - he does; Åreá¹£á¹haá¸¥ - a respectable leader; tat - that; tat - and that alone; eva - certainly; itaraá¸¥ - common; janaá¸¥ - person; saá¸¥ - he; yat - whichever; pramÄá¹am - example; kurute - does perform; lokaá¸¥ - all the world; tat - that; anuvartate - follows in the footsteps.
People in general always require a leader who can teach the public by practical behavior. A leader cannot teach the public to stop smoking if he himself smokes. Lord Caitanya said that a teacher should behave properly before he begins teaching. One who teaches in that way is called ÄcÄrya, or the ideal teacher. Therefore, a teacher must follow the principles of ÅÄstra (scripture) to teach the common man. The teacher cannot manufacture rules against the principles of revealed scriptures. The revealed scriptures, like Manu-saá¹hitÄ and similar others, are considered the standard books to be followed by human society. Thus the leaderâs teaching should be based on the principles of such standard ÅÄstras. One who desires to improve himself must follow the standard rules as they are practiced by the great teachers. The ÅrÄ«mad-BhÄgavatam also afï¬rms that one should follow in the footsteps of great devotees, and that is the way of progress on the path of spiritual realization. The king or the executive head of a state, the father and the schoolteacher are all considered to be natural leaders of the innocent people in general. All such natural leaders have a great responsibility to their dependents; therefore they must be conversant with standard books of moral and spiritual codes.