: King ParÄ«ká¹£it said: My lord, Åukadeva GosvÄmÄ«, you have elaborately described all the periods of the various Manus and, within those periods, the wonderful activities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who has unlimited potency. I am fortunate to have heard all of this from you.
: Satyavrata, the saintly king of Draviá¸adeÅa who received spiritual knowledge at the end of the last millennium by the grace of the Supreme, later became Vaivasvata Manu, the son of VivasvÄn, in the next manvantara [period of Manu]. I have received this knowledge from you. I also understand that such kings as Iká¹£vÄku were his sons, as you have already explained.
: O greatly fortunate Åukadeva GosvÄmÄ«, O great brÄhmaá¹a, kindly describe to us separately the dynasties and characteristics of all those kings, for we are always eager to hear such topics from you.
: Kindly tell us about the abilities of all the celebrated kings born in the dynasty of Vaivasvata Manu, including those who have already passed, those who may appear in the future, and those who exist at present.
: SÅ«ta GosvÄmÄ« said: When Åukadeva GosvÄmÄ«, the greatest knower of religious principles, was thus requested by MahÄrÄja ParÄ«ká¹£it in the assembly of all the scholars learned in Vedic knowledge, he then proceeded to speak.
: Åukadeva GosvÄmÄ« continued: O King, subduer of your enemies, now hear from me in great detail about the dynasty of Manu. I shall explain as much as possible, although one could not say everything about it, even in hundreds of years.
: The transcendental Supreme Person, the Supersoul of all living entities, who are in different statuses of life, high and low, existed at the end of the millennium, when neither this manifested cosmos nor anything else but Him existed.
: O King ParÄ«ká¹£it, from the navel of the Supreme Personality of Godhead was generated a golden lotus, on which the four-faced Lord BrahmÄ took his birth.
: From the mind of Lord BrahmÄ, MarÄ«ci took birth, from the semen of MarÄ«ci, KaÅyapa appeared, and from KaÅyapa, by the womb of Daká¹£aâs daughter Aditi, VivasvÄn took birth.
: O King, best of the BhÄrata dynasty, from VivasvÄn, by the womb of Saá¹jÃ±Ä, ÅrÄddhadeva Manu was born. ÅrÄddhadeva Manu, having conquered his senses, begot ten sons in the womb of his wife, ÅraddhÄ. The names of these sons were Iká¹£vÄku, Ná¹ga, ÅaryÄti, Diá¹£á¹a, Dhá¹á¹£á¹a, KarÅ«á¹£aka, Nariá¹£yanta, Pá¹á¹£adhra, Nabhaga and Kavi.
: Manu at first had no sons. Therefore, in order to get a son for him, the great saint Vasiá¹£á¹ha, who was very powerful in spiritual knowledge, performed a sacrifice to satisfy the demigods Mitra and Varuá¹a.
: During that sacrifice, ÅraddhÄ, Manuâs wife, who was observing the vow of subsisting only by drinking milk, approached the priest offering the sacrifice, offered obeisances to him and begged for a daughter.
: Told by the chief priest âNow offer oblations,â the person in charge of oblations took clarified butter to offer. He then remembered the request of Manuâs wife and performed the sacrifice while chanting the word âvaá¹£aá¹.â
: Manu had begun that sacrifice for the sake of getting a son, but because the priest was diverted by the request of Manuâs wife, a daughter named IlÄ was born. Upon seeing the daughter, Manu was not very satisfied. Thus he spoke to his guru, Vasiá¹£á¹ha, as follows.
: My lord, all of you are expert in chanting the Vedic mantras. How then has the result been opposite to the one desired? This is a matter for lamentation. There should not have been such a reversal of the results of the Vedic mantras.
: You are all self-controlled, well balanced in mind, and aware of the Absolute Truth. And because of austerities and penances you are completely cleansed of all material contamination. Your words, like those of the demigods, are never baffled. Then how is it possible that your determination has failed?
: The most powerful great-grandfather Vasiá¹£á¹ha, after hearing these words of Manu, understood the discrepancy on the part of the priest. Thus he spoke as follows to the son of the sun-god.
: This discrepancy in the objective is due to your priestâs deviation from the original purpose. However, by my own prowess I shall give you a good son.
: Åukadeva GosvÄmÄ« said: O King ParÄ«ká¹£it, after the most famous and powerful Vasiá¹£á¹ha made this decision, he offered prayers to the Supreme Person, Viá¹£á¹u, to transform IlÄ into a male.
: The Supreme Personality of Godhead, the supreme controller, being pleased with Vasiá¹£á¹ha, gave him the benediction he desired. Thus IlÄ was transformed into a very fine male named Sudyumna.
: O King ParÄ«ká¹£it, that hero Sudyumna, accompanied by a few ministers and associates and riding on a horse brought from SindhupradeÅa, once went into the forest to hunt. He wore armor and was decorated with bows and arrows, and he was very beautiful. While following the animals and killing them, he reached the northern part of the forest.
: There in the north, at the bottom of Mount Meru, is a forest known as SukumÄra where Lord Åiva always enjoys with UmÄ. Sudyumna entered that forest.
: O King ParÄ«ká¹£it, as soon as Sudyumna, who was expert in subduing enemies, entered the forest, he saw himself transformed into a female and his horse transformed into a mare.
: When his followers also saw their identities transformed and their sex reversed, they were all very morose and just looked at one another.
: MahÄrÄja ParÄ«ká¹£it said: O most powerful brÄhmaá¹a, why was this place so empowered, and who made it so powerful? Kindly answer this question, for I am very eager to hear about this.
: Åukadeva GosvÄmÄ« answered: Great saintly persons who strictly observed the spiritual rules and regulations and whose own effulgence dissipated all the darkness of all directions once came to see Lord Åiva in that forest.
: When the goddess AmbikÄ saw the great saintly persons, she was very much ashamed because at that time she was naked. She immediately got up from the lap of her husband and tried to cover her breast.
: Seeing Lord Åiva and PÄrvatÄ« engaged in sexual affairs, all the great saintly persons immediately desisted from going further and departed for the ÄÅrama of Nara-NÄrÄyaá¹a.
: Thereupon, just to please his wife, Lord Åiva said, âAny male entering this place shall immediately become a female!â
: Since that time, no male had entered that forest. But now King Sudyumna, having been transformed into a female, began to walk with his associates from one forest to another.
: Sudyumna had been transformed into the best of beautiful women who excite sexual desire and was surrounded by other women. Upon seeing this beautiful woman loitering near his ÄÅrama, Budha, the son of the moon, immediately desired to enjoy her.
: The beautiful woman also desired to accept Budha, the son of the king of the moon, as her husband. Thus Budha begot in her womb a son named PurÅ«ravÄ.
: I heard from reliable sources that King Sudyumna, the son of Manu, having thus achieved femininity, remembered his familial spiritual master, Vasiá¹£á¹ha.
: Upon seeing Sudyumnaâs deplorable condition, Vasiá¹£á¹ha was very much aggrieved. Desiring for Sudyumna to regain his maleness, Vasiá¹£á¹ha again began to worship Lord Åaá¹
: O King ParÄ«ká¹£it, Lord Åiva was pleased with Vasiá¹£á¹ha. Therefore, to satisfy him and to keep his own word to PÄrvatÄ«, Lord Åiva said to that saintly person, âYour disciple Sudyumna may remain a male for one month and a female for the next. In this way he may rule the world as he likes.â
: Thus being favored by the spiritual master, according to the words of Lord Åiva, Sudyumna regained his desired maleness every alternate month and in this way ruled the kingdom, although the citizens were not satisfied with this.
: O King, Sudyumna had three very pious sons, named Utkala, Gaya and Vimala, who became the kings of the Daká¹£iá¹Ä-patha.
: Thereafter, when the time was ripe, when Sudyumna, the king of the world, was sufficiently old, he delivered the entire kingdom to his son PurÅ«ravÄ and entered the forest.