paro-rajaá¸¥ savitur jÄta-vedo
devasya bhargo manasedaá¹ jajÄna
suretasÄdaá¸¥ punar ÄviÅya caá¹£á¹e
haá¹saá¹ gá¹dhrÄá¹aá¹ ná¹á¹£ad-riá¹ girÄm imaá¸¥
paraá¸¥-rajaá¸¥ - beyond the mode of passion (situated in the pure mode of goodness); savituá¸¥ - of the one who illuminates the whole universe; jÄta-vedaá¸¥ - from which all the devotee's desires are fulfilled; devasya - of the Lord; bhargaá¸¥ - the self-effulgence; manasÄ - simply by contemplating; idam - this universe; jajÄna - created; su-retasÄ - by spiritual potency; adaá¸¥ - this created world; punaá¸¥ - again; ÄviÅya - entering; caá¹£á¹e - sees or maintains; haá¹sam - the living entity; gá¹dhrÄá¹am - desiring for material enjoyment; ná¹á¹£at - to the intelligence; riá¹ girÄm - to one who gives motion; imaá¸¥ - let me offer my obeisances.
The predominating Deity of the sun is another expansion of NÄrÄyaá¹a, who is illuminating the entire universe. The Lord enters the hearts of all living entities as the Supersoul, and He gives them intelligence and fulfills their material desires. This is also confirmed in Bhagavad-gÄ«tÄ. Sarvasya cÄhaá¹ há¹di sanniviá¹£á¹aá¸¥. âI am sitting in everyoneâs heart.â (Bg. 15.15)
As the Supersoul, the Lord enters the hearts of all living entities. As stated in Brahma-saá¹hitÄ (5.35), aá¹á¸Äntara-stha-paramÄá¹u-cayÄntara-stham: âHe enters the universe and the atom as well.â In the á¹g Veda, the predominating Deity of the sun is worshiped by this mantra: dhyeyaá¸¥ sadÄ savitá¹-maá¹á¸ala-madhya-vartÄ« nÄrÄyaá¹aá¸¥ sarasijÄsana-sanniviá¹£á¹aá¸¥. NÄrÄyaá¹a sits on His lotus flower within the sun. By reciting this mantra, every living entity should take shelter of NÄrÄyaá¹a just as the sun rises. According to modern scientists, the material world rests on the sunâs effulgence. Due to the sunshine, all planets are rotating and vegetables are growing. We also have information that the moonshine helps vegetables and herbs grow. Actually NÄrÄyaá¹a within the sun is maintaining the entire universe; therefore NÄrÄyaá¹a should be worshiped by the GÄyatrÄ« mantra or the á¹g mantra.
Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports of the Fifth Canto, Seventh Chapter, of the ÅrÄ«mad-BhÄgavatam, entitled âThe Activities of King Bharata.â