mÄ jÄtu tejaá¸¥ prabhaven maharddhibhis
titiká¹£ayÄ tapasÄ vidyayÄ ca
kule svayaá¹ rÄja-kulÄd dvijÄnÄm
mÄ - never do it; jÄtu - at any time; tejaá¸¥ - supreme power; prabhavet - exhibit; mahÄ - great; á¹ddhibhiá¸¥ - by opulence; titiká¹£ayÄ - by tolerance; tapasÄ - penance; vidyayÄ - by education; ca - also; dedÄ«pyamÄne - upon those who are already glorified; ajita-devatÄnÄm - Vaiá¹£á¹avas, or the devotees of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; kule - in the society; svayam - personally; rÄja-kulÄt - greater than the royal family; dvijÄnÄm - of the brÄhmaá¹as.
Pá¹thu MahÄrÄja has explained in the previous verse the importance of devotional service for both the rulers and the citizens of the state. Now he explains how one can be steadily fixed in devotional service. ÅrÄ« Caitanya MahÄprabhu, while instructing ÅrÄ«la RÅ«pa GosvÄmÄ«, has compared the devotional service of the Lord with a creeper. A creeper has a feeble stem and requires the support of a tree to grow, and while growing it requires sufficient protection so that it may not be lost. While describing the system of protection for the creeper of devotional service, ÅrÄ« Caitanya MahÄprabhu has especially stressed protection from offenses unto the lotus feet of Vaiá¹£á¹avas. Such offenses are called vaiá¹£á¹ava-aparÄdha. AparÄdha means âoffense.â If one commits vaiá¹£á¹ava-aparÄdhas, all of his progress in devotional service will be checked. Even though one is very much advanced in devotional service, if he commits offenses at the feet of a Vaiá¹£á¹ava, his advancement is all spoiled. In the ÅÄstras it is found that a very great yogÄ«, DurvÄsÄ Muni, committed a vaiá¹£á¹ava-aparÄdha and thus for one full year had to travel all over the universe, even to Vaikuá¹á¹haloka, to defend himself from the offense. At last, even when he approached the Supreme Personality of Godhead in Vaikuá¹á¹ha, he was refused protection. Therefore one should be very careful about committing offenses at the feet of a Vaiá¹£á¹ava. The most grievous type of vaiá¹£á¹ava-aparÄdha is called gurv-aparÄdha, which refers to offenses at the lotus feet of the spiritual master. In the chanting of the holy name of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, this gurv-aparÄdha is considered the most grievous offense. Guror avajÃ±Ä Åruti-ÅÄstra-nindanam (Padma PurÄá¹a). Among the ten offenses committed against the chanting of the holy name, the first offenses are disobedience of the spiritual master and blasphemy of the Vedic literature.
The simple definition of Vaiá¹£á¹ava is given by ÅrÄ« Caitanya MahÄprabhu: a person who immediately reminds one of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ká¹á¹£á¹a, is a Vaiá¹£á¹ava. In this verse, both Vaiá¹£á¹avas and brÄhmaá¹as are mentioned. A Vaiá¹£á¹ava is a learned brÄhmaá¹a and is therefore designated as brÄhmaá¹a-vaiá¹£á¹ava, brÄhmaá¹a-paá¹á¸ita or as a Vaiá¹£á¹ava and brÄhmaá¹a. In other words, a Vaiá¹£á¹ava is supposed to be a brÄhmaá¹a already, but a brÄhmaá¹a may not be a pure Vaiá¹£á¹ava. When a person understands his pure identity, brahma-jÄnÄti, he immediately becomes a brÄhmaá¹a. In the brÄhmaá¹a stage, oneâs understanding of the Absolute Truth is mainly based on the impersonal view. When a brÄhmaá¹a, however, rises to the platform of personal understanding of the Supreme Godhead, he becomes a Vaiá¹£á¹ava. A Vaiá¹£á¹ava is transcendental even to a brÄhmaá¹a. In the material conception, the position of a brÄhmaá¹a is the highest in human society, but a Vaiá¹£á¹ava is transcendental even to a brÄhmaá¹a. Both the brÄhmaá¹a and Vaiá¹£á¹ava are spiritually advanced. A brÄhmaá¹aâs qualifications are mentioned in Bhagavad-gÄ«tÄ as truthfulness, mental equanimity, control of the senses, the power of tolerance, simplicity, knowledge of the Absolute Truth, firm faith in the scriptures, and practical application of the brahminical qualities in life. In addition to all these qualifications, when one fully engages in the transcendental loving service of the Lord, he becomes a Vaiá¹£á¹ava. Pá¹thu MahÄrÄja warns his citizens who are actually engaged in the devotional service of the Lord to take care against offenses to the brÄhmaá¹as and Vaiá¹£á¹avas. Offenses at their lotus feet are so destructive that even the descendants of Yadu who were born in the family of Lord Ká¹á¹£á¹a were destroyed due to offenses at their feet. The Supreme Personality of Godhead cannot tolerate any offense at the lotus feet of brÄhmaá¹as and Vaiá¹£á¹avas. Sometimes, due to their powerful positions, princes or government servants neglect the position of brÄhmaá¹as and Vaiá¹£á¹avas, not knowing that because of their offense they will be ruined.