bhá¹gv-Ädayas te munayo
goptary asati vai ná¹á¹Äá¹
maitreyaá¸¥ uvÄca - the great sage Maitreya continued; bhá¹gu-Ädayaá¸¥ - headed by Bhá¹gu; te - all of them; munayaá¸¥ - the great sages; lokÄnÄm - of the people; ká¹£ema-darÅinaá¸¥ - who always aspire for the welfare; goptari - the King; asati - being absent; vai - certainly; ná¹á¹Äm - of all the citizens; paÅyantaá¸¥ - having understood; paÅu-sÄmyatÄm - existence on the level of the animals.
In this verse the significant word is ká¹£ema-darÅinaá¸¥, which refers to those who are always looking after the welfare of the people in general. All the great sages headed by Bhá¹gu were always thinking of how to elevate all the people of the universe to the spiritual platform. Indeed, they advised the kings of every planet to rule the people with that ultimate goal of life in mind. The great sages used to advise the head of the state, or the king, and he used to rule the populace in accordance with their instruction. After the disappearance of King Aá¹ ga, there was no one to follow the instructions of the great sages. Consequently all the citizens became unruly, so much so that they could be compared to animals. As described in Bhagavad-gÄ«tÄ (4.13), human society must be divided into four orders according to quality and work. In every society there must be an intelligent class, administrative class, productive class and worker class. In modern democracy these scientific divisions are turned topsy-turvy, and by vote ÅÅ«dras, or workers, are chosen for administrative posts. Having no knowledge of the ultimate goal of life, such persons whimsically enact laws without knowledge of lifeâs purpose. The result is that no one is happy.