bhadrÄÅvaá¹ ketumÄlaá¹ ca
bhÄrataá¹ cottarÄn kurÅ«n
vijitya jagá¹he balim
bhadrÄÅvam - BhadrÄÅva; ketumÄlam - KetumÄla; ca - also; bhÄratam - BhÄrata; ca - and; uttarÄn - the northern countries; kurÅ«n - the kingdom of the Kuru dynasty; kimpuruá¹£a-ÄdÄ«ni - a country beyond the northern side of the Himalayas; vará¹£Äá¹i - parts of the earth planet; vijitya - conquering; jagá¹he - exacted; balim - strength.
BhadrÄÅva: It is a tract of land near Meru Parvata, and it extends from Gandha-mÄdana Parvata to the saltwater ocean. There is a description of this vará¹£a in the MahÄbhÄrata (BhÄ«á¹£ma-parva 7.14-18). The description was narrated by SaÃ±jaya to Dhá¹tarÄá¹£á¹ra.
MahÄrÄja Yudhiá¹£á¹hira also conquered this vará¹£a, and thus the province was included within the jurisdiction of his empire. MahÄrÄja ParÄ«ká¹£it was formerly declared to be the emperor of all lands ruled by his grandfather, but still he had to establish his supremacy while he was out of his capital to exact tribute from such states.
KetumÄla: This earth planet is divided into seven dvÄ«pas by seven oceans, and the central dvÄ«pa, called JambÅ«dvÄ«pa, is divided into nine vará¹£as, or parts, by eight huge mountains. BhÄrata-vará¹£a is one of the above-mentioned nine vará¹£as, and KetumÄla is also described as one of the above vará¹£as. It is said that in KetumÄla vará¹£a, women are the most beautiful. This vará¹£a was conquered by Arjuna also. A description of this part of the world is available in the MahÄbhÄrata (SabhÄ 28.6).
It is said that this part of the world is situated on the western side of the Meru Parvata, and inhabitants of this province used to live up to ten thousand years (BhÄ«á¹£ma-parva 6.31). Human beings living in this part of the globe are of golden color, and the women resemble the angels of heaven. The inhabitants are free from all kinds of diseases and grief.
BhÄrata-vará¹£a: This part of the world is also one of the nine vará¹£as of the JambÅ«dvÄ«pa. A description of BhÄrata-vará¹£a is given in the MahÄbhÄrata (BhÄ«á¹£ma-parva, Chapters 9 and 10).
In the center of JambÅ«dvÄ«pa is IlÄvá¹ta-vará¹£a, and south of IlÄvá¹ta-vará¹£a is Hari-vará¹£a. The description of these vará¹£as is given in the MahÄbhÄrata (SabhÄ-parva 28.7-8) as follows:
nagarÄá¹Å ca vanÄá¹Å caiva
nadÄ«Å ca vimalodakÄá¸¥
puruá¹£Än deva-kalpÄá¹Å ca
nÄrÄ«Å ca priya-darÅanÄá¸¥
sa dadarÅa dhanaÃ±jayaá¸¥
sadanÄni ca ÅubhrÄá¹i
nÄrÄ«Å cÄpsarasÄá¹ nibhÄá¸¥
It is mentioned here that the women in both these vará¹£as are beautiful, and some of them are equal to the ApsarÄs, or heavenly women.
Uttarakuru: According to Vedic geography the northernmost portion of JambÅ«dvÄ«pa is called Uttarakuru-vará¹£a. It is surrounded by the saltwater ocean from three sides and divided by Åá¹á¹ gavÄn Mountain from the Hiraá¹maya-vará¹£a.
Kimpuruá¹£a-vará¹£a: It is stated to be situated north of the great HimÄlaya Mountain, which is eighty thousand miles in length and height and which covers sixteen thousand miles in width. These parts of the world were also conquered by Arjuna (SabhÄ 28.1-2). The Kimpuruá¹£as are descendants of a daughter of Daká¹£a. When MahÄrÄja Yudhiá¹£á¹hira performed a horse sacrifice yajÃ±a, the inhabitants of these countries were also present to take part in the festival, and they paid tributes to the Emperor. This part of the world is called Kimpuruá¹£a-vará¹£a, or sometimes the HimÄlayan provinces (HimavatÄ«). It is said that Åukadeva GosvÄmÄ« was born in these HimÄlayan provinces and that he came to BhÄrata-vará¹£a after crossing the HimÄlayan countries.
In other words, MahÄrÄja ParÄ«ká¹£it conquered all the world. He conquered all the continents adjoining all the seas and oceans in all directions, namely the eastern, western, northern and southern parts of the world.