Mayapur, March 25, 1975



vande gurun isa-bhaktan
isam isavatarakan
tat-prakasaṁs ca tac-chaktiḥ;
[Cc. Adi 1.1]

Krṣṇa Caitanya is Krṣṇa. That was observed by Sarvabhauma Bhaṭṭacarya. He composed one hundred verses praising the glories of Lord Caitanya, but because Caitanya Mahaprabhu was playing the part of a devotee, He threw away the slokas, because "This is not for Me." That was Caitanya Mahaprabhu's humbleness. But the devotees know that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is Krṣṇa Himself. Sri-krṣṇa-caitanya radha-krṣṇa nahe anya. Radha-Krṣṇa combination of Sri Caitanya... Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu means Radha and Krṣṇa combined. In the beginning there is Krṣṇa, and then Krṣṇa divided into two, Radha and Krṣṇa. And then again combined, that is Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.

radha-krṣṇa-praṇaya-vikrtir hladini saktir asmad
ekatmanav api (bhuvi pura) deha-bhedaṁ gatau tau
caitanyakhyaṁ prakaṭam adhuna tad-dvayaṁ caikyam aptam...
[Cc. Adi 1.5]

So the Gosvami's siddhanta, that Krṣṇa is one. There is no rivalry with Krṣṇa. God is one. Eka-brahma dvitiya nasti. There cannot be many Gods. So when God, Krṣṇa, wants to enjoy His pleasure potency, that is Radharaṇi. So He manifests Himself, manifests His energy... His energy and He, there is no difference. Sakti-saktimator abhedaḥ;. The sastra says sakti and the saktimat—means one who possesses the sakti (sakti means power, potency)—they are equal. There is no difference. Just like the sun. Sun is the powerful, and the sunshine is the power. So there is heat in the sun and there is heat also in the sunshine. There is light in the sun and there is light in the sunshine also. Therefore qualitatively they are one so far heat and light is concerned. But the temperature of the sun and the temperature of the sunshine may be different. May be not. Actually there is difference. This is the basic principle of all philosophies. Acintya-bhedabheda. Acintya means inconceivable, bheda means different, and abheda means nondifferent. The whole situation... The one is there, God, but He has expanded Himself in different way. Eko bahu syam.

So that is described here. Krṣṇa-caitanya-saṁjñakam. Krṣṇa Caitanya Mahaprabhu, He has expanded Himself as gurun. The guru, the spiritual master, he's also Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Sakṣad-dharitvena samasta-sastrair uktaḥ; **. In all the sastras, guru is accepted as Krṣṇa. Sakṣad-dharitvena. Sakṣad means directly. Just like you offer your devotion, respects, to guru. So that respect is offered to Krṣṇa. Guru also does not think himself that he is Krṣṇa, but he collects the devotional services of the disciples to offer to Krṣṇa. This is the process. We cannot approach Krṣṇa directly. We should approach through guru. Tasmad guruṁ prapadyeta jijñasuḥ; sreya uttamam [SB 11.3.21]. That is the injunction of the sastra, that one should approach the guru who can transfer the service from the disciple to the Supreme Person. So... Therefore the first offering is guru, vande gurun. Then guru creates many devotees. Guru's business is to canvass on behalf of Supreme Lord. That is guru's business. Krṣṇa says, sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekaṁ saraṇaṁ vraja [Bg. 18.66], so, "You give up all material, engage..." Sarva-dharman means in the material world we have created so many so-called duties. This is our material disease. People are interested in material engagements and they have created different varieties of engagements. Sociology, communism, and this "ism," that "ism," philanthropism, altruism, internationalism, nationalism—many, many duties they have created. That is all material. Krṣṇa, out of His causeless mercy... (children crying) Stop that children. Out of His causeless mercy, He comes, He descends. Yada yada hi dharmasya glanir bhavati bharata [Bg. 4.7]. Glanir, this is glanir. Human life is meant for one thing, athato brahma jijñasa, to inquire about the Supreme Absolute Truth. But instead of doing that, they have created so many "isms." That is their misfortune.

Real business is athato brahma jijñasa. This human life, nature, gives us the opportunity to inquire about the Absolute Truth. We have got the intelligence. The cats and dogs, they have no intelligence to inquire about the Absolute Truth. The trees, the plants, the aquatics, the animals, the beasts, the uncivilized man—so many, 8,400,000 forms and species of life. Out of that, the civilized men, the Aryans... Arya. Arya means the person who has got godly qualification. This is the meaning of Aryan. Aryan, advanced. Aryan does not mean godless society. They are non-Aryans. Real Aryan means... Because we are part and parcel of God, naturally we have got, in minute quantity, the qualities of God. That is natural. But on account of our material association, those qualifications are covered now by upadhi, by various designations. This is our material disease. Material disease means... Just like a gold is covered by dirty, dirty things. Similarly, we are actually gold, because part and parcel of Krṣṇa. We are a small Krṣṇa, very small, but we are also the same quality. But it is covered. This is our disease. And these coverings are going on in different names—socialism, communism, and this "ism"—so many. "I am Indian," "I am American," "I am Hindu," "I am Muslim," "I am white," "I am black"—these are all designations.

So it is the business of the guru to clear up these designations, dirty things. Therefore, vande gurun isam. Guru, first offering because he is the agent of Krṣṇa. Krṣṇa said that "You give up all these designative dharma; take to real dharma." Sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam [Bg. 18.66]. "That is your real business." But even Krṣṇa... Krṣṇa does not fail... But Krṣṇa does not force. So even upon the request of Krṣṇa we do not give up our designation. This is the difficulty. Krṣṇa said, sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekaṁ saraṇaṁ vraja, and nobody practically, except the Paṇḍavas and few other devotees, nobody took it seriously. And what to speak of now. They are talking of Bhagavad-gita, scholars of Bhagavad-gita, but without Krṣṇa. That is their business. These demons, they are preaching Bhagavad-gita without Krṣṇa. Nobody preaches about Krṣṇa. Nobody says what Krṣṇa wants. Sarva-dharman parityajya. Krṣṇa wants this, but they are misinterpreting in different ways and diverting the attention of the people most foolishly, that... In the Bhagavad-gita Krṣṇa is the center. So this is going on. You know, you are coming all from foreign countries. Bhagavad-gita is popular in your country, at least amongst the scholars and theosophists and theologists. Going on, for the last two hundred years at least. But nobody understood Krṣṇa. That is the difference. Now for the last, say, five or ten years, because we are presenting Krṣṇa as it is, it has become very easy for you to accept it. Unadulterated Krṣṇa. Before this, everything was presented adulterated. Therefore there was no effect.

So if you push on this movement, unadulterated Krṣṇa, it will go on. It will go on. And as soon as you adulterate Krṣṇa, it will not go on. It will not be effective. You may be very good scholar or very good politician or this or that, but you'll never understand what is Krṣṇa. Nahaṁ prakasaḥ; sarvasya yoga-maya-samavrtaḥ; [Bg. 7.25]. If you want to pollute Krṣṇa, Krṣṇa will never be revealed to you. Sevonmukhe hi jihvadau svayam eva sphuraty adaḥ; [Brs. 1.2.234]. So by the grace of Krṣṇa you have taken the shelter of the lotus feet of Krṣṇa. It is great fortune for you. So do not adulterate Krṣṇa. That is my request. Try to understand Krṣṇa. And to understand Krṣṇa, the Krṣṇa Himself taught... That was also difficult. Then Krṣṇa as Krṣṇa Caitanya (is) teaching us how to approach Krṣṇa. That is Caitanya-caritamrta. Caitanya means spiritual, living, and carita means character. So Caitanya-caritamrta means that the supreme living force, Krṣṇa. The living force is Krṣṇa. Therefore we contradict the so-called scientific theory that life has come from chemicals, matter. No. We are trying our best. We have engaged our scientist students. They have already..., one student has already written one small book, The Scientific Basis of Krṣṇa Consciousness, and we are going to publish another book. I have given instruction to the scientist students. What is the heading of that?

Devotees: Life Comes From Life.

Prabhupada: Yes, Life Comes From Life. That is the fact. These modern so-called scientific theory that life comes from matter, that is not fact. Because our original person, Krṣṇa, said, ahaṁ sarvasya prabhavo [Bg. 10.8]. Aham, this aham word is applicable to a person, person. And person means living force. So Caitanya-caritamrta means that living force is a person, and His caritra, His characteristic, this is Caitanya. And that is amrta. Amrta means not dead matter. Mrta means dead, and amrta means not dead, living force. So he is living force; his characteristics are also living force; and they are, because living force, they are amrta. Na hanyate hanyamane sarire [Bg. 2.20]. We have got experience what is living force and what is dead matter. That we have got experience. And that is further explained by Krṣṇa, that living force means na hanyate hanyamane sarire [Bg. 2.20], na jayate na mriyate kadacit. That is explained in the Bhagavad-gita, that living force is not finished even after the annihilation of this body. Very nice statement by Krṣṇa. We can understand living... In the life, when we are alive, the body is moving, we can understand what is living force. And we can understand further when the body does not move—that difference, why the body was moving and why the body is not now moving. If we simply study this difference of position we can understand what is living force. It is not very difficult. Simply we have to understand, "Now this living force is gone out of this body; therefore the body is no longer moving and it is a dead matter." This is this... So this Caitanya-caritamrta means we are talking of the living force, not of the dead matter. We should always remember. So the guru belongs to that living force. And Isa, Isa means controller. So everyone, that living force. Gurun, isa, isa-bhaktan, isa-bhaktan and isam. So they are all living force. The Lord, His devotee, His representative, everyone, they belong to the spiritual platform, living force. Caitanya-saṁjñakam. Caitanya means living. That personification of all living forces is Krṣṇa Caitanya, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. People mistake Krṣṇa Caitanya Mahaprabhu because by misfortune they understand Krṣṇa Caitanya as a devotee or just like so-called sadhu or yogi, like that. That is mistake. Krṣṇa Caitanya means the original living force, Krṣṇa.

So Sarvabhauma Bhaṭṭacarya, he understood Him. Srila Rupa Gosvami, he understood Him. Similarly, the followers of Rupa Gosvami, Sarvabhauma Bhaṭṭacarya, and all the Gosvamis, they will understand Krṣṇa Caitanya Mahaprabhu. And one who understands or follows the path enunciated by Krṣṇa Caitanya Mahaprabhu, for them Krṣṇa is very easily obtained. This is called Caitanya-caritamrta. If you follow Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu... Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's mission is described by Sarvabhauma Bhaṭṭacarya, sri-krṣṇa-caitanya-sarira-dhari. Puraṇa-puruṣaḥ;, I just now forget the verse. Yes:

sikṣartham ekaḥ; puruṣaḥ; puraṇaḥ;
krpambudhir yas tam ahaṁ prapadye
[Cc. Madhya 6.254]

So Sri Krṣṇa Caitanya is the same Krṣṇa, Puraṇa-puruṣaḥ;. Adyaṁ Puraṇa-puruṣaḥ;. Puraṇa-puruṣa means Krṣṇa, the original Personality of Godhead, very old. Puraṇa means very old. So, vairagya-vidya-sikṣartham. Because we are suffering here on account of so many designations, so Sri Krṣṇa Caitanya Mahaprabhu came to purify us from all these nonsense designations. That is called vairagya-vidya. Raga means attachment. So... And viraga. This false attachment we have to give up. That is practically being manifested by practical life, how to love Krṣṇa, how to approach Him. That is the characteristic of Sri Krṣṇa Caitanya Mahaprabhu. And therefore He is described in the Srimad-Bhagavatam, Eleventh Canto, krṣṇa-varṇaṁ tviṣakrṣṇam [SB 11.5.32]. Krṣṇa-varṇam: He belongs to the same category, Krṣṇa. Or He is describing Krṣṇa always. His only business is to describe Krṣṇa. But His complexion is not Krṣṇa, akrṣṇa. Akrṣṇa. Akrṣṇa means white. Because Krṣṇa had many colors. One of the colors was pita, golden, golden avatara. So, tviṣakrṣṇaṁ saṅgopaṅgastra-parṣadam. This saṅgopaṅgastra-parṣadam is described here, that gurun, isam, isa-bhaktan, isavatarakan tat-prakasaṁs ca tat-chaktiḥ;. This is saṅgopaṅga.

So study this Caitanya-caritamrta. Now we have got this English edition, very elaborately described, following the footsteps of our Guru Maharaja, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Ṭhakura Prabhupada. So there is no such edition of Caitanya-caritamrta, very elaborately described. But it can be understood by the advanced student. It can be... And so... Advanced, you can, anyone, you can become advanced. Advanced means at least one should understand that Krṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. If you simply understand these two words, that Krṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, then you are advanced. It is not very difficult. Everything, all Vedic literature, they are meant for understanding Krṣṇa. Vedais ca sarvair aham eva vedyam [Bg. 15.15]. So if you simply understand... What is that understanding? That Krṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. We have written in our Krṣṇa book, "Krṣṇa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead." If you become convinced, then your study of Vedas—finished. Tepus tapas te sasnur arya [SB 3.33.7]. Anyone who understands Krṣṇa... What is that understanding? Krṣṇa says, mattaḥ; parataraṁ nanyat kiñcid asti dhanañjaya: [Bg. 7.7] "My dear Arjuna, there is no more superior authority or person or truth than Myself." Mattaḥ; parataraṁ nanyat kiñcid asti dhanañjaya [Bg. 7.7]. These few words, if you simply understand... Blindly or openly, it doesn't matter. Because if you touch fire, either blindly or openly, it will act. It will act. It is not that because I blindly accept Krṣṇa as the Supreme Person, that will not act. No, it will act. Even if you have accepted Krṣṇa blindly, it will act. Because the thing is the same. Either you accept in open eyes or blind eyes. So similarly, if you accept this theory—it is not theory; this is fact, that Krṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead—these few words, then you are advanced student, immediately. Take it from me, that simply this conviction, that "Krṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead," then you are advanced student in spiritual life.

So all these persons associated with Krṣṇa, Sri Krṣṇa Caitanya, Sri Nityananda, Sri Advaita, and Gadadhara and Srivasa, all of them, they are one. One in this sense, they are all interested how to push on Krṣṇa consciousness. Sri Krṣṇa Caitanya Mahaprabhu, He's trying personally, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. And Nityananda Prabhu, Advaita Prabhu, Srivasa, Gadadhara, they are trying to help. So..., and to approach all these five supreme persons, you require the help of guru. Therefore the guru is offered first the respectful prayers, vande gurun. And gurun, bahu-vacana, plural number, that many gurus. But they are not many; they are one, guru-tattva. Just like Krṣṇa has many forms, but that does not mean Krṣṇa is different. No. Krṣṇa is one. Similarly, guru, there may be many gurus, it doesn't matter, but their philosophy must be one: to teach everyone that Krṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. So there may be thousands of gurus, but the guru's business is to teach the disciple that Krṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. That is the test of guru. If guru is teaching something else, nonsense, then he is not guru. Gurur na sa syat. Ṣaṭ-karma-nipuṇo vipro mantra-tantra-visaradaḥ;. A brahmaṇa, he is very expert in his business, in Vedic culture, Vedic mantras, tantras. That is the test of the brahmaṇa, that he is very learned. So ṣaṭ-karma-nipuṇo vipro mantra-tantra-visaradaḥ;. Visarada, very expert. Avaiṣṇavo gurur na sa syat. But if he does not know what is Krṣṇa or if he's not a devotee of Krṣṇa, he cannot become guru. Ṣaḍ-vaiṣṇavaḥ; svapaco guruḥ;. But one person who is coming from the family of dog-eaters... The dog-eaters, they are considered to be the lowest of the human beings. So, sva-paca, sva means dog, and paca means eater or cooker. So svapaca, even a person is coming from the svapaca family, and if he's a Vaiṣṇava, if he's a devotee of Krṣṇa, he can become guru. On the other side, even born in a brahmaṇa family and very expert in Vedic ritualistic performances, mantra-tantra-visaradaḥ;, he cannot become guru if he does not understand Krṣṇa. So therefore guru is very important because he has accepted Krṣṇa... Tattva-darsibhiḥ;, he has seen the truth. So therefore guru is first offered... This is the test of guru. Guru does not become Krṣṇa himself, but he canvasses door to door to induce that "You become devotee of Krṣṇa." This is sign of guru. Vande gurun isa-bhaktan. Isa-bhaktan. Then we shall describe later on.

Thank you very much. (end)