karmaá¹aiva hi saá¹siddhim
loka-saá¹ graham evÄpi
sampaÅyan kartum arhasi
karmaá¹Ä - by work; eva - even; hi - certainly; saá¹siddhim - in perfection; ÄsthitÄá¸¥ - situated; janaka-Ädayaá¸¥ - Janaka and other kings; loka-saá¹ graham - the people in general; eva api - also; sampaÅyan - considering; kartum - to act; arhasi - you deserve.
Kings like Janaka were all self-realized souls; consequently they had no obligation to perform the prescribed duties in the Vedas. Nonetheless they performed all prescribed activities just to set examples for the people in general. Janaka was the father of SÄ«tÄ and father-in-law of Lord ÅrÄ« RÄma. Being a great devotee of the Lord, he was transcendentally situated, but because he was the king of MithilÄ (a subdivision of Bihar province in India), he had to teach his subjects how to perform prescribed duties. Lord Ká¹á¹£á¹a and Arjuna, the Lordâs eternal friend, had no need to ï¬ght in the Battle of Kuruká¹£etra, but they fought to teach people in general that violence is also necessary in a situation where good arguments fail. Before the Battle of Kuruká¹£etra, every effort was made to avoid the war, even by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but the other party was determined to ï¬ght. So for such a right cause, there is a necessity for ï¬ghting. Although one who is situated in Ká¹á¹£á¹a consciousness may not have any interest in the world, he still works to teach the public how to live and how to act. Experienced persons in Ká¹á¹£á¹a consciousness can act in such a way that others will follow, and this is explained in the following verse.